Pests can have harmful effects upon your health, therefore it is important to fully understand the dangers that stem from different types of infestations. Below is an overview of the health risks associated with particular pests.
Cockroaches – These pests carry bacteria such as E coli and salmonella on their bodies, which can contaminate food, cooking equipment and food surfaces. Another health risk of cockroaches is allergic reactions. These allergens are most commonly introduced in homes through cockroach saliva, droppings and the decomposing bodies of these pests.
Rodents – Rodent infestation remains the primary risk for Hantavirus exposure. Even healthy individuals are at risk for HPS infection if exposed to the virus. Hantavirus infection is usually spread by inhaling the virus, which is in the droppings, urine and saliva of infected rodents. Like cockroaches, rodents also serve as vectors, carrying bacteria on their bodies and contaminating food sources, kitchen surfaces and equipment.
Mosquitoes - malaria is the most important mosquito-borne disease in South Africa. However, what is less well known is that there are also several mosquito-borne viruses that also cause diseases, such as Chikungunya, West Nile and Sindbis. When a mosquito bites you, she releases her saliva into the wound. This often irritates the host and sometimes may lead to illness or even death.
Flies - There are more than 100,000 known species of flies in the world. Some flies carry very deadly diseases and infest grain and meat in large numbers. Other parasites that flies carry can cause diseases from sleeping sickness to typhoid fever, cholera and even leprosy. The flies themselves are only carriers of the parasites and diseases. They pick them up from rotting food, excrement, and people or animals that are already infected.